Alexander was proclaimed king on the spot by the nobles and army at the age of Their cunning, their audaciousness and sheer brilliance will come to the forefront. Some modern writers have erroneously concluded that the Macedonians spoke Greek based on few Greek inscriptions discovered in Macedonia, but that is by no means a proof that the Macedonian was not a distinct language.
Meanwhile, the city of Amphissa began to work lands that were sacred to Apollo near Delphia sacrilege that gave Philip the opportunity to further intervene in Greek affairs.
However, on the bases of about hundred glosses, Macedonian words noted and explained by Greek writers, some place names from Macedonia, and names of individuals, most scholars believe that ancient Macedonian was a separate Indo-European language.
Alexander was the first to break the Theban lines, followed by Philip's generals. He is best known for destroying the city of Jericho which started a series of victories which led to conquest of much of Canaan.
He was sidelined at Gaza, however, and forced to endure another lengthy siege. The Macedonians were less than thrilled with the changes in Alexander and his attempt to be viewed as a deity.
He had his cousin, the former Amyntas IVexecuted. During the ensuing Battle of ChaeroneaPhilip commanded the right wing and Alexander the left, accompanied by a group of Philip's trusted generals. King Philip II, impressed by his son's bravery and capability, bought the horse as a gift for the young prince.
He studied for three years under Aristotle. After the fall of Tyre, Alexander marched south through Jerusalem to set the siege of Gaza which was fortified hill. He took 50, armies on a 12 years march with a mission to expand his territory He expanded his kingdom Adriatic Sea to the Indus River in India and Danube River to the upper-reaches of the Nile which was thought to be obscure at that time.
Under siege yet not beaten, Halicarnassus held out long enough for King Darius III, the newest Persian king, to amass a substantial army.
The end of Thebes cowed Athens, leaving all of Greece temporarily at peace. But after Alexander took a firm stand and replaced Macedonian officers and troops with Persians, his army backed down.
Stretching his campaigns from Persia all the way to modern day Germany, Attila was on the verge of conquering Western Civilization, earning the moniker But resistance put by Macedonian officers and by the Greek historian Callisthenes, the nephew of Aristotle who had joined the expedition, defeated the attempt.
He is able to step out of the team and still have them perform at full capacity. Earliest examples of this have been found in BC in Sumer through Egypt and then in Greek Literature in the 8th century.
His fabulous tactics, lies in annihilating enemy troops rather than defeating them. They crossed the Hellespont, a narrow strait between the Aegean Sea and the Sea of Marmara, and faced Persian and Greek forces at the Granicus river; victory went to Alexander and the Macedonians.
The Macedonian Empire of Alexander the Great After Alexander After his death, nearly all the noble Susa marriages dissolved, which shows that the Macedonians despised the idea. Concerned that other Greek states might intervene, Alexander made it look as though he was preparing to attack Illyria instead.
He forced the Persians to attack in the narrow waters at Salamis which prevented them from taking advantage of their numerical superiority.
Alexander founded around twenty cities that bore his name. During this time an uncompromising Alexander built bridges to the island city; employed siege machines; and fought off the Tyrian navy and army; until the fall of the fort.
Alexander continued his pursuit of Darius for hundreds of miles from Persepolis. He took another approach and sliced through the knot with his sword, claiming triumph. Ironically, it is not the Persians but the Greek coastal cities which gave the greatest resistance to the Macedonians.
A Mass Wedding In early B. Bactria and Sogdiana, the most eastern provinces of the Persian Empire came under Macedonian control.
He no longer needed these hostages and potential troublemakers. By doing so he earned the wrath of the entire Ottoman Empire, sending invading armies for 25 years to crush him He was an architect of the most of the early Muslim military doctrines. Alexander the Great and the Macedonian cavalry crossing river Granicus Artwork by Peter Connolly The Macedonians defeated the Persians and put them to flight and although the Greeks held their ground and fiercely fought, the battle ended in Macedonian victory.
This led to the Battle of Chaeronea in BC in Boeotia, central Greece; where Alexander at the young age of 18 played a pivotal role, leading the left wing command to help secure victory for his father. Alexander wanted to press on and attempt to conquer all of India, but his war-weary soldiers refused, and his officers convinced him to return to Persia.
Memnon fell sick and died while attempting to regain the lost Greek city of Miletus on the Asia Minor coast, and the Persian plan to transfer the war into Europe well apart. When the walls finally gave in, the Macedonians poured their anger over the city defenders - 7, people were killed, 30, were sold as slaves.
Philip, the great Macedonian conqueror was dead, the man who liberated his own country and brought if from the edge of the abyss into a world power. They were not aware that the Athenians and the Peloponnesians, stunned by the speed of the Macedonian king, quickly reconsidered their options and were now awaiting the outcome of the battle before they make their next move.
Each soldier was armed with a 13 to 20 foot long sarissa, the first five ranks held their spears horizontally in front of the advancing phalanx.Alexander III the Great, the King of Macedonia and conqueror of the Persian Empire is considered one of the greatest military geniuses of all times.
He was inspiration for later conquerors such as Hannibal the Carthaginian, the. Alexander the Great BC Alexander the III king of Macedon or more commonly know as Alexander the great is considered to be one of most brilliant and successful military commanders in.
While studying Alexander the Great's leadership style over the past year and half, I have come across many lists claiming to reveal the Macedonian king's secrets to success. At best, the lists I've seen are a random assortment of vague tips like "Be unsurpassed in execution" and "Encourage innovation".
Aimed at a general audience, this biography delves into the life of the great conqueror, revealing everything you need to know about Alexander the Great. The Campaigns of Alexander The author a military commander himself, The Campaigns of Alexander truly digs deep into the unparalleled skills and thirst for conquer of Alexander the Great.
Alexander was born in Pella, the capital of ancient Macedonia. His father was King Philip II, who himself was known to be one of the best military commanders of the time.
Alexander earned the epithet "the Great" due to his unparalleled success as a military commander. He never lost a battle, despite typically being outnumbered.
 This was due to use of terrain, phalanx and cavalry tactics, bold strategy, and the fierce loyalty of his troops.